How To Make A Worm Farm

Composting Worms

Composting Worms

Modern day recycling is being revolutionized right before our very eyes, and the answer has been right underneath our feet for thousands of years. Composting worms are now being used to reduce the amount of garbage that are in the landfills. But this technology isn’t just for municipalities and commercial organizations… you too can start your own worm farm, help the environment, and generate an extra source of income, all for free.

A worm farm is used to decompose food scraps and the result is worm castings that can be used as fertilizer, as they are rich in nitrates and nutrients. In addition to reducing the amount of garbage you will be using, you will be able to stop paying to have your garbage picked up from your house, saving you hundreds per year. Many people also sell the worms to local farmers and bait shops to create a small source of income.

So how do you start your composting worm farm? It is very simple, and can be done very cheaply. There actually are many vendors who sell prebuilt worm farms (worms included) for less than one hundred dollars. You can look in your local phone book under “worm farms”, and if they don’t have any listings, ask your local farm. They should be able to point you in the right direction if they don’t sell worm farms themselves.

If you do not want to spend the money to buy a prebuilt worm farm you can make your own with an old refrigerator, freezer, or a large bucket. The only requirement is that it can contain the waste products from the worms so it doesn’t seep into the groundwater, as well as has a top for ventilation and aesthetic reasons.

Simply bury the container, put compostable garbage in there, and then put the worms in. You now have your very own farm in which you can grow composting worms. If you are trying to figure out how many worms you will need, about 4,000 worms will digest a half a pound of garbage every 24 hours, and the average person produces about one and a half pounds of compostable garbage per day.


Worm Farming Secrets

Worm Farming Secrets

Worm farming used to be only a good idea if you were a dedicated fisherman. Recently, the hobby has exploded into a multimillion dollar business. Because of its incredible track record of being great for the environment households, communities, and even municipalities have revisited vermicomposting as a viable alternative to landfills.

By eliminating the waste that would be sent to landfills, starting a worm farm will save the average household hundreds of dollars every year on garbage removal services. They truly are revolutionizing the recycling industry at an alarming rate, and the best part of it is that they are able to be started at a near zero startup cost.

One of the most important parts of starting your worm farm is to design the farm for the size of the garbage that you expect to want recycled. An average worm farm contains a pound of worms, or 4,000 worms, and can eat through over half a pound of garbage every 24 hours.

Now, you cannot just throw any and all trash into your worm farm and expect it to disappear. You can only place compostable garbage such as paper based products and old food. While this may not seem like a lot, it covers all newspapers, paper, cardboard, and all scraps left over from meals. Additionally, you can make choices in the supermarket to buy products that contain little to no plastics, therefore reducing the amount of non-compostable waste that you generate.

If you are ready to take the plunge into vermicomposting, you can find all of the supplies at your local building supply store, and can get the worms straight out of the ground. The only real trick that you must make sure you heed is the fact that you have to allow your container breathing holes as well as it must be sealable so the worms and the liquids that are produced from the worm farms do not seep into the surrounding ground.

Worm farming truly does offer a hobby that can save you hundreds of dollars every year in addition to helping the environment and providing a possible business opportunity. What are you waiting for?


How to Build a Worm Farm

How to Build a Worm Farm From Scratch

The advantages of building a worm farm are so numerous, it would take a day to simply list them. The most common advantages that are listed by experienced farmers are a cleaner environment, a huge savings at home, as well as starting a hobby that is relatively low maintenance and free to start. There are a few aspects you need to get right in order to be successful at worm farming.

To begin, a worm farm basically runs off the garbage that is generated by normal, day to day living inside of a house. By letting the worm farm dispose of it instead of sending it to the dump, you are essentially cutting out hundreds of pounds of landfill every year. In addition, you will never have to pay someone to take out the garbage again. Additionally, if you fish, you’ll never have to pay for fish bait again. In fact, since worms reproduce at an alarming rate, many worm farmers sell their excess worms for fish bait at a great price.

A worm farm is essentially free to start. You can use an empty shell like an empty refrigerator or freezer to start the worm farm. The only requirement is that the container is sealable, yet can breathe. If you plan on putting the warm farm in the ground outdoors, this prevents the chemicals that are generated from the decomposition of the garbage from seeping into the ground. While they are not toxic, they could seep into and ruin the ground water.

Next, you have to dig a hole deep enough that you can fit the refrigerator into the hole and it can sit in there with the lid barely above ground. Do not worry if there are holes in the appliance, as they will help in drainage of rain water.
Lastly, you should put the garbage, particularly composted garbage, like newspapers and banana peels, into the emptied appliance. Finally, put the worms in, which you can find in the ground, and there you have your worm farm! There is very little maintenance you need to perform in order to keep the farm sustained.


4 Simple Steps to a Successful Worm Farm

4 Simple Steps to a Successful Worm Farm

The best location for your Worm Farm should be a well shaded section of your garden. Worms prefer a cold, moist area so open sunshine is a definite no.

Now you have your area set up, your worms will something to eat. Worms are the totally opposite to humans, they will eat most things that we throw away. Old vegetables, fruit peelings, bread, egg shells and general meal waste are great for worm food. The smaller you can make the food, the better. As you know, worms are small creatures so anything big will be difficult for them to digest. They also like soiled paper or cardboard such as torn egg cartons. Worms do not like fish or meat, cheese or butter, generally foods that are oily, very smelly or have strong odours.

You have two options when it comes to the actual worm farm; you can buy one or build one yourself. There are 3 levels to a worm farm, each with holes in the bottom to drain moisture and allow good air flow. Each level should be about 30cm deep, 60cm wide and 90cm long. A suitable covering for the top layer is required to keep out unwanted animals and to keep it dry. A drip tray is needed at the very bottom to catch all the water. A varied amount of compost mixed with wet paper and leaves gives a great bed for the worm farm. Add about 1000 worms once you are happy with the soiled area. Ordinary worms cannot be used, you will need to buy them from your local garden centre. Spread them evenly and allow them to burrow into the soil. Add your kitchen waste in small amounts, always keeping the cover on when finished. Don’t overcrowd the worm farm with food, if they haven’t eaten the previous waste, don’t add more until it’s gone.

After a few days, the worms will have made their way into the top layer leaving their castings in the lower layer. You can use this layer to fertilize your garden. When you remove the compost, simply replace it with fresh soil, cardboard and papers and allow the worms to mix it up again.


How to Make a Worm Farm

How to Make a Worm Farm

Worms can do wonders for the garden: they aerate the soil and their castings are an excellent fertilizer. To get a constant supply of this worm fertilizer as well as extra worms for the garden, start a worm farm.
Use Red Worms or Tiger Worms only (available from most plant nurseries). The common garden worm is not suitable.

Setting up the system

Worm farms are simple structures that you can make yourself. They consist of three or four stackable crates or bins made of plastic, wood or any other lightweight, waterproof material. The worms live in the bins and simply wriggle their way up from the lowest bin into the one above, where they can smell fresh food, fruit, vegetable and other scraps that might otherwise go to waste. These scraps are turned into the castings that make such good fertilizer. Some local councils sell worm farms at a cost of $50 to $75 for four bins.

The base bin has a solid floor to catch liquid run-off that percolates down from the upper bins, and preferably a tap near the base. By tipping the stack, liquid waste can be drained away through the tap without having to remove the upper bins.

The upper bins are perforated to let the worms move up through the floor to reach fresh food supplies. These ‘holey’ bins lock into each other and are deep enough to leave enough room for the worms to move about without being squashed.

To create congenial living conditions for the worms, you need newspaper and soil to start the farm and a continuing supply of suitable food scraps.

Starting the farm

On top of the base bin fit an upper (holey) bin #1 that has been lined with a few sheets of shredded newspaper and a couple of handfuls of soil. Spray lightly with fresh water. Add the Red or Tiger worms along with a small amount of food scraps. Exclude light from the upper bin and keep it moist by covering it with newspaper, hessian or another bin. Allow the farm to settle in for a couple of weeks before lifting the cover and putting in more food scraps. Check on the bin’s progress and add more food scraps as the worms grow and multiply. Make sure that your worms have enough food, but don’t over feed them – uneaten food will simply rot, resulting in a smelly farm and unhappy worms.

When holey bin #1 is about half full of worms and worm castings, remove the newspaper or hessian and place holey bin #2 on top. Put food scraps in bin #2 and, again, exclude light and keep the contents moist. In about a week the worms from bin #1 will have moved up into the fresh food in bin #2, leaving behind worm castings that can be spread on the garden.